Hypothyroidism develops when the thyroid gland produces insufficient hormones. Thyroid is a small gland situated in the front of your neck. The hormones released by this butterfly shaped gland play a vital role in our physical wellbeing.
This gland releases two hormones T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). These hormones travel through our entire body and regulate many bodily functions. These hormones regulate our bodily functions and ensure our physical well being.
Thyroid supplies energy to almost all the organs in your body. The thyroid also controls functions like the working of your digestive system and also your heartbeats. Hypothyroidism doesn’t produce any noticeable symptoms in the early stage. Its symptoms are often confused with the aging process.
Weight gain in females are the early symptoms of hypothyroidism.Hair loss, fatigue and feeling cold are some other symptoms of this problem.
If left untreated your personal wellbeing is affected by problems like infertility, joint pain, heart disease and obesity. Dry skin, slow heart rate, swollen neck and slowed reflexes are some physical symptoms of hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed with a simple blood test and medical evaluation. The treatment is safe and effective.
Is Hypothyroidism more in females?
Hypothyroidism affects women more than men. Some women may develop hypothyroidism during or after their pregnancy. Hypothyroidism can leave pregnant women susceptible to preeclampsia, miscarriage or premature delivery.
Common age group
People above 60 years of age are more vulnerable to this problem. You can get it at any age. It can also be congenital.
Some of the causes of hypothyroidism are as follows:
• Medicines. Some medicines especially those used to treat psychiatric disorders can cause hypothyroidism.
• Radiation Therapy. Women who are receiving any form of radiation on their head, necks or upper chest can develop hypothyroidism.
• Thyroid Surgery. Women who have their thyroid removed fully or partially develop this problem.
• Hereditary. If you have a family history of hypothyroidism then you are more likely to develop this problem.
• Autoimmune disorders. Certain autoimmune disorders like type 1 diabetes and Sjogren Syndrome can increase the risk of this problem.
• Treatment for hyperthyroidism. Medicines used to treat hyperthyroidism may result in hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is also associated with depression and anxiety. Hypothyroidism is not a major problem. But its symptoms like weight gain, fatigue, sleep problems and depressed mood are sufficient to cause mental stress.
Hypothyroidism may also cause other health complications. Low levels of thyroid hormones can result in a slowing down of body functions. This adversely affects the sense of personal well-being. Hypothyroidism is known to slow mental functioning.
Depression, fatigue and weight gain can affect the personal wellbeing of those with hypothyroidism. If your depression is a result of hypothyroidism then treating hypothyroidism will cure your depression.
Hypothyroidism is a long term condition. It may require lifelong medicines. You will have to visit the doctor regularly for follow ups. Your doctor will test your TSH levels annually to determine the effect of medicines. For some women this can create chronic mental stress. Eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly can help you to cope with this problem. You can talk with family or friends to seek support. Practice meditation or yoga to combat stress and maintain your personal wellbeing. Get quality sleep each night.
To better understand your body and prevent such major diseases, it is recommended to assess yourself regularly. Try the Joygraph and check out your own Physical Wellbeing score. It is a free assessment tool that may help with prevention of many such diseases.